I wrote this paper for a senior seminar class for school.. the class is rock n roll history, and I mainly just did it to get it done and it couldn't be too long.. it's seven pages double spaced, it was supposed to be 5-8 pages, I probably could have gone on for 10 or 11 at least, if I included everything I wanted to.. and my usual BS writing So some is missing, discuss or just read I guess... A wild ride, a horrifically wonderful journey, an absolutely absurd tale, and the most awe-inspiring nightmare ever are all ways to describe the history of the musical genre of punk rock. To truly comprehend this music, one must explore its beginnings, where it came from, the origin of it, the story of its peak of existence, where it is now, and speculate as to where it will be in the future. What is “Punk Rock?” Where did it come from? When and where was it created? Knowing the past of this important musical movement helps to better understand society today. It is important to acknowledge the cultural impact of the beginning, the past, and the present of the music experience of Punk Rock. One of the most important pieces of punk rock history is the very beginning of Rock n Roll. Rock music formed from jazz and country into a more aggressive and sometimes abrasive sound. It was also pure, simple and passionate. Punk was directly influenced by some of the first, passion fueled rock artists like Chuck Berry, Buddy Holly, and Elvis. “We wrote about things that affected us directly, you know, songs were like a release for um our frustrations, getting out our aggression. Songs dealt with feelings of alienation and isolation, you know, all kinds of things, you know, just feelings.” (Joey Ramone: Seven Ages of Rock) One of the most noticeable aspects of punk rock is the pure, unadulterated energy and emotion that was conveyed originally by the 50s and early 60s rock n roll groups. As time drifted further into the sixties, new bands were coming out with a harder sound and a harder image. During the early and mid sixties many very important groups formed, such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Kinks, The Who, MC5, and The Kingsmen. Many of punk rock’s fore fathers were teenagers and exposed to this new form of rock n roll music. One of the most influential groups of punk, The Ramones, was much influenced by the popular 60s group, The Beach Boys. The Ramones went on to cover many of the Beach Boys’ songs with their own sound and aggression. A great number of bands that directly influenced punk rock formed and became popular in the early to mid sixties. Another contribution to the formation of punk rock was from the garage rock groups of the mid and late 60s. Bands like The Troggs, Animals, McCoys, Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels, Johnny Rivers, and The Trashmen directly added to the pool of influences for punk. The garage rock groups provided a much rawer and aggressive sound than heard before. This sound would be very popular among punk rock groups. Also, garage rock had its name given to it because many of the bands of the genre had a do it yourself attitude by recording and practicing in a garage rather than in a traditional recording or rehearsing studio. Not only were the recordings of the garage bands rawer and wilder, the shows were as well. “The mid to late '60s saw the appearance of the Stooges and the MC5 in Detroit. They were raw, crude and often political. Their concerts were often violent affairs, and they were opening the eyes of the music world.” (Ryan Cooper: A Brief History of Punk Rock). The garage bands provided the direction for the raw and loud sound that punk rock would encompass. The last major influence on punk rock music is the glam rock of the early 1970s. Groups like David Bowie, New York Dolls, Mott The Hoople, and T Rex provided a look and some of the attitude that punk would be one of the main attractions of many people to punk rock music. Glam bands dressed very extravagantly, and they played loud abrasive sounding rock n roll, very influenced by the original 50s rock. Punk was greatly influenced by a much of the fashion sense and much of the musical attitude of glam rock. The early seventies glam bands really helped to form punk rock, and by the mid seventies, it was very much so starting to take shape. “In the summer of 1974, four misfits from Queens (New York) began to play a new club on New York’s lower east side. The club was called CBGB’s. The band was the Ramones.” (Narrator: Seven Ages of Rock) The Ramones were one of the first, as we know the term today, punk rock bands. They had the raw sound of the sixties garage bands, the passion and originality of the 50s rock groups, and the look and attitude of the glam bands. They formed in 1974 and are debatably the first punk rock band. The Ramones truly ignited the punk scene in New York. They influenced a numerous bands with their new loud, aggressive, simplistic sound. Groups such as Television and The Patti Smith Group were also at the forefront of the New York punk scene. They each had their own distinct sound, but they had one thing in common. They played the legendary club CBGB’s. The rock club CBGB’s started as a club for “folkies” or independent blues, bluegrass, and country players. In fact, the “C” stands for “Country,” the “BG” stands for “Bluegrass,” and the last “B” stands for “Blues.” The club opened for the aforementioned music to be played in 1973, but one year later a group’s manager came to the owner of the club asking to allow the band Television to play his club. “The beginning of what we now think of as CBGB came early on. “I was on a ladder in front of the club fixing the awning in place, when I looked down to notice three scruffy dudes in torn jeans and T shirts looking up at me inquisitively. "WHAT'S GOIN' ON?" or something of that nature, was the question they asked. They were Tom Verlaine, Richard Hell, and Richard Lloyd, three of the four members of the rock group "Television." A few days later, Terry Ork, Television's manager came around to try and get the band a gig at CBGB. He was a pudgy little dynamo with a penchant for non-stop talking; energy and enthusiasm up to here. He believed Television was going to be the hottest new sound since John Cage first played his "clothes line." Since at that time we weren't open on Sunday, I decided to give Television a try out, about three and a half weeks hence, on a Sunday.” (Hilly Krystal: CBGBs.com) After Television, many punk bands would play and be established at CBGB’s. Patti Smith, Lou Reed, Blondie, Elvis Costello, and many other influential punk acts would play CBGB’s throughout the 70s. CBGB’s opened the door for the genre to be accepted by the public and the music industry as a viable source of entertainment. On the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, in England, a punk rock scene of their own was developing. The British punk bands were influenced by the American groups that had just become popular, but they had a sound that was entirely their own. Another difference between the groups of each country was that the UK bands were much angrier and had politics as the topics of many of their songs. Some of the most notable political punk rock bands are The Clash, The Sex Pistols, and The Buzzcocks. These groups were much angrier and had more of a message than the American groups, who mostly sang about issues more direct to them like angst or their community. The English groups on the other hand were singing about things on a larger scale such as the government and society as a whole. Musically, the British groups were a bit more abrasive and did not take as much influence from the early rock n roll groups; they were in the here and now more than their past. Both counties’ bands were very powerful in punk rock and music as a whole.